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  • Sowbhagya Natraj and Maria Priscilla David. "Saliva" - a diagnostic tool
    "Saliva" - a diagnostic tool
    Sowbhagya Natraj and Maria Priscilla David
    Is saliva important? Secretion is a reflex response controlled by both parasympathetic and sympathetic secretomotor nerves. It is “specimen of choice” & offers a cost-effective approach for the screening of large populations. Barriers to salivary diagnostics includes 1) Associated with research, 2) With product development, 3) With third party acceptance and associated legal issues. Whole saliva can be collected in a non-invasive manner by individuals with modest training, including patients. It is useful in the monitoring of therapeutic drug levels and the detection of illicit drug use. Salivary diagnosis provides an attractive alternative to more invasive, time-consuming, complicated and expensive diagnostic approaches. With the continued advancement in technology and biomedical science, the day is not far when saliva would become the "mirror" and monitor of body’s health.
  • GC JAIN,R JAIN and RAJNISH K. 3-DIMENSIONAL MINIPLATES
    3-DIMENSIONAL MINIPLATES
    GC JAIN,R JAIN and RAJNISH K
    The aim of maxillofacial trauma treatment is the restoration of anatomic form and function with particular care to re-establish the occlusion in cases of traumatitic injuries. Treatment modalities range from intermaxillary fixation (IMF) to rigid internal fixation of the bone fragments. Various types of plating systems have been introduced for fixing fractures and continuity defects of the mandible. Present work discusses the 3-D plates instead of two conventional miniplates. This book is of great interest to students, general practioners, oral and maxillofacial surgeons dealing with maxillofacial trauma treatment and thus provides them with sound knowledge to treat their patient efficiently, with greater success rate and minimal complications.
  • Salah Al-Din Al-Housami. 3D Soft Tissue Assessment After Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy
    3D Soft Tissue Assessment After Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy
    Salah Al-Din Al-Housami
    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to quantify anteroposterior and transverse facial soft tissue changes with respect to underlying skeletal movements after sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) by using cone beam computed tomography. Materials and methods: The study was conducted on six patients who required bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for correction of mandibular retrognathism. The patients were scanned using cone-beam computed tomography 1 week before the surgery, and 6 months after the surgery. The difference between pre- and post-operative images were measured and the ratios of different hard to soft tissue movements were calculated. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the mean measurements postoperatively. The ratio of the mean hard to soft tissue movement after mandibular advancement was 1:0.97 in the chin region and 1:0.80 in the lower lip area. The mean decrease in MLF depth was 1.4mm and the mean increase in the MLA was (27.7o). Conclusion: The...
  • Vimal Kalia,Supreet Sawhney and Rupinder Kaur. 4% Articaine V/S 2% Lidocaine in minor oral surgery
    4% Articaine V/S 2% Lidocaine in minor oral surgery
    Vimal Kalia,Supreet Sawhney and Rupinder Kaur
    Local anesthetics have been called "dentistry's most important drug" for pain control which is being widely used in oral surgery, affording comfort and safety for both the patient and operator when used correctly. The choice of anesthetic solution is based on few important considerations like: potency, latency, duration, pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Lidocaine synthesized by Lofgren in 1943 was the fist amide prepared. Lidocaine is most widely used for pain control because of its pharmacokinetic characteristics and low toxicity compared with other type of local anesthetics. This make it safe for use in dental practice. Articaine HC1 was synthesized by Rusching et al. in 1969 and was first marketed in Germany in 1969 with the name Carticaine. By 1983 the drug was available in all of Europe and Canada," and was approved in US in 2000 and is available as a 4% solution with epinephrin 1:100000. The present study was undertaken to compare the anesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine with...
  • Л. М. Цепов, Е. Л. Цепова, А. Л. Цепов. 555 заболеваний слизистой оболочки рта, языка и губ
    555 заболеваний слизистой оболочки рта, языка и губ
    Л. М. Цепов, Е. Л. Цепова, А. Л. Цепов
    Многие соматические, неврологические, инфекционные и другие заболевания, целый ряд синдромов манифестируют различными изменениями слизистой оболочки рта, языка и губ (появлением эрозий, афт, язв, налета на их поверхности). В настоящем издании рассматриваются основные дифференциальные симптомы и особенности течения заболеваний, проявляющиеся на слизистой оболочке рта, языка и губ сходными клиническими признаками. Описаны особенности изменений слизистой оболочки рта, языка и губ при наиболее частых патологических состояниях, имеющие дифференциально-диагностическое значение, которые приведены в таблицах. Издание рассчитано как на студентов старших курсов медицинских вузов, так и на интернов, ординаторов, врачей-стоматологов, дерматологов, терапевтов, неврологов, инфекционистов, педиатров, курсантов факультетов повышения квалификации и может пробудить их интерес к визуальной диагностике соматической патологии по изменениям слизистой оболочки рта, языка и губ. В списке...
  • Shruti Kakkar Sharma,Mukul Padhye and Saurabh Sharma. A Craft To Graft
    A Craft To Graft
    Shruti Kakkar Sharma,Mukul Padhye and Saurabh Sharma
    Through better understanding of the biology of bone healing, bone regeneration and bone remodeling in combination with grafting procedures, it is possible today to treat almost every patient with implant supported restoration. We are able to rebuild a functional alveolar crest, permitting adequate implant insertion even in cases with extreme bone atrophy and bone height less than a few millimeters, and to get similar long-term results as for implantation in non-grafted bone. There are several possibilities for augmentation of bone volume. Depending on the situation, indication and adequate diagnosis, the treatment options can be extended, from minimally invasive procedures with locally harvested bone grafts in local anesthesia, to very sophisticated grafting techniques for 3D bone reconstruction with extra oral harvested bone grafts in combination with orthognathic surgery procedures.
  • Rudrakshi Chickanna and Dhoom Singh Mehta. A comparative evaluation of Scatter Factor levels in GCF and saliva
    A comparative evaluation of Scatter Factor levels in GCF and saliva
    Rudrakshi Chickanna and Dhoom Singh Mehta
    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the relationship between the levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in GCF and saliva, both clinically and biochemically in patients with and without chronic periodontitis. For this study, 36 patients (12 males, 24 females) were selected in the age range of 18-60 years (mean 32.7 ? 11.1 years). The subjects were assigned into 3 groups, which included Group I (control), Group II (chronic periodontitis with probing depth >5 mm), and Group III (chronic periodontitis with probing depth ?5 mm). Clinical parameters included, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment (CAL). The GCF sample were taken by using the capillary tubes, whereas saliva was collected by suction method. The levels of HGF in GCF and in saliva was estimated using ELISA Reader. Both GCF and saliva can be used to estimate the levels of Hepatocyte growth factor and thus may be regarded as...
  • Bhimsen Devkota. A Case Study of Rebel Health Services in Nepal
    A Case Study of Rebel Health Services in Nepal
    Bhimsen Devkota
    This publication chronicles enthusiastic quest on rebel health services during the violent conflict and the post-conflict transition in the particularities of Nepal. Conducted in dangerous situations, this study offers practical and positive ways forward to reorient Nepal's health services and to recognize the role of the health sector as a bridge for peace. The individuals and organizations to be acknowledged are numerous that any listing must be partial and are accompanied by my apologies to those not mentioned. All individuals and organizations whose names are not mentioned here but provided their insight, study materials and help, invited me to seminars and workshops and published my research papers deserve special thanks and appreciation.
  • Razia Khammissa,Liviu Feller and Mario Altini. A comparison of chronic periodontitis
    A comparison of chronic periodontitis
    Razia Khammissa,Liviu Feller and Mario Altini
    The aim of this study is to compare the degree of severity of chronic periodontitis in HIV-seropositive subjects with chronic periodontitis to control subjects with chronic periodontitis, in the Ga-Rankuwa area in South Africa. Two cohorts of subjects with chronic periodontitis were recruited for this study over a period of time: thirty HIV-seropositive subjects; and 30 control subjects presumed to be HIV -seronegative and apparently in good health. HIV-seropositive subjects with chronic periodontitis show clinical manifestations of similar degree of their periodontal disease to those of healthy control subjects with chronic periodontitis, with no differences in the mean probing depth, gingival recession, plaque index and bleeding index.
  • Maryam Al Araimi. A Change Project to Improve Dental Services for Preschool Children
    A Change Project to Improve Dental Services for Preschool Children
    Maryam Al Araimi
    This book describes a new and unique approach that augments the methods by which dental services are provided to young children within the primary care setting in the public sector. In an era of recession and financial crises, it is naive to expect additional capital and human resources be invested in providing healthcare services. The author advocates a ‘paradigm within a paradigm’ concept that involves utilising education in healthcare as a cost-effective tool for improving dental healthcare. The key feature of this approach lies in providing relevant dental training to existing non-dental staff to enable them function as an integral part of the dental team. Public health nurses, for example, being in regular contact with preschool children and their parents through developmental visits, could represent a valuable resource for the dental team. This routine service could be utilised to deliver basic preventive dental care at no additional costs. For dental healthcare managers who...
  • Aswini Balappanavar. A Cup of Tea for Positive Health and Oral Health
    A Cup of Tea for Positive Health and Oral Health
    Aswini Balappanavar
    Tea has been used as a beverage in various parts of the world. Tea consumption has attained a worldwide liking and measure of social status in many parts. Nowadays, green tea is considered one of the most promising dietary agents for the prevention and treatment of many diseases. We have tried to discuss and summarize various studies and aspects of tea which may be helpful for many graduates and postgraduate as well as nutritionists who want to do work on this. Numerous studies have demonstrated that aqueous extract of tea contain catechins which possess antioxidant, antimutagenic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral, and above all, cancer-preventive properties. An attempt was also made to establish a relation between tea and oral health. Tea has its effects on oral microorganisms, anticariogenic properties, oral cancer, precancerous lesions and conditions, and reduction of gingivitis as well as periodontitis. Hence tea has been rightly said as a functional...
  • A. Sri Kennath J. Arul,Sonika Verma and A. Sri Sennath J. Arul. A Clinical and FNAC study of gingiva in Acute Leukemia
    A Clinical and FNAC study of gingiva in Acute Leukemia
    A. Sri Kennath J. Arul,Sonika Verma and A. Sri Sennath J. Arul
    Oral manifestations are frequently the initial signs of leukemia, particularly in the acute forms, prompting the patient to consult the dentist first. The oral cavity, and especially the gingival tissue, is one site commonly involved either by leukemic infiltration or by inflammatory reactive hyperplasia causing gingival enlargement. The gingival infiltration may also be present without gingival enlargement. It is therefore imperative that the dentist recognize these leukemic lesions as early as possible because of the danger, in some instances, of oral surgical interference and also the necessity of medical attention. Therefore, gingival FNAC was performed as a diagnostic procedure with an aim to assess its diagnostic value in detecting leukemic gingival infiltration in acute leukemia patients presenting with or without gingival enlargement.
  • Deepak agarwal,Pradeep Tandon and Sanjeev Verma. A Comparative study of orthodontic coil springs
    A Comparative study of orthodontic coil springs
    Deepak agarwal,Pradeep Tandon and Sanjeev Verma
    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of wire diameter, lumen size, and length of coil spring on the load produced as a function of displacement of SS and NITI coil springs. This study was based on 60 samples of open and closed coil springs. Open coil springs were tested in compression and closed coil spring in tension. The load values produced by coil spring as function of displacement were measured twice both during activation (loading) and deactivation (unloading). It was seen that effect of lumen size has less effect than the diameter of the wire on load produced and maximum load attained of open and closed coil spring. The length of the spring had the least effect.
  • Vinita Boloor. A Dynamic Relationship Between Orthodontics And Periodontics
    A Dynamic Relationship Between Orthodontics And Periodontics
    Vinita Boloor
    Team work is the essence for the success of any venture. A multidisciplinary approach is often necessary to treat and prevent dental problems in a patient. Orthodontics and periodontics are interrelated in a variety of ways.Orthodontic tooth movement, which is the basis of the orthodontic treatment, is possible because of the inherent nature of the periodontium. It is in connection with adult orthodontics that periodontal factors are becoming more important to the orthodontist. Orthodontics in the adult patient, specially the periodontally compromised patient requires adequate periodontal considerations to maintain the periodontium in a healthy condition during and after treatment.
  • Rekha P. Shenoy,Peter S. Sequeira and Prashanth Shenai K.. A Health Education Program for improving Oral Status of Schoolchildren
    A Health Education Program for improving Oral Status of Schoolchildren
    Rekha P. Shenoy,Peter S. Sequeira and Prashanth Shenai K.
    The significance of health education in schools has been recognized since decades. The classroom is considered the most adequate setting for presentation of dental health education programs as virtually all children attend school. The rationale behind inclusion of educational activities is that prevention is the key to controlling dental disease. Adolescents are in particular need of preventive programs as they have high levels of plaque, which leads to dental disease. When adolescents care for their teeth, they do so, in particular, to improve appearance and social attractiveness. Attempts to change dental health behavior should therefore be based on the relation of recommended actions to things that are valued by the people involved. Repetition and reinforcement are important for effective dental health education. Therefore, the authors stress on the need for continuous dental health education programs for effective prevention and control of dental disease in school children.
  • Mona Rajeh and Shahrokh Esfandiari. A Look at Women's Professional Lives in Dentistry
    A Look at Women's Professional Lives in Dentistry
    Mona Rajeh and Shahrokh Esfandiari
    Over the last 40 years, there has been a consistent increase in the proportion of women in the dentistry profession. In this study, we intended to gain insight into the issues and concerns that influence the work characteristics of female dentists. A number of studies have shown that gender differences exist in choice of specialisation, practice patterns, and professional attitudes; some have revealed that women are attracted to primary care management ahead of other dental specialties. It is also evident that women work fewer hours, work part-time and see fewer patients than men, and are less likely to own their practice than their male counterparts. There is also a net income discrepancy between male and female dentists. We used a qualitative description methodology to guide this study, for which we recruited a purposive sample of six female dentists from the dental clinics of Montreal General Hospital, in the greater region of Montreal in Quebec, Canada. All interviews were fully...
  • Lejla Ibrahimkadic and Nermin Sarajlic. A look at forensic dentistry in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    A look at forensic dentistry in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Lejla Ibrahimkadic and Nermin Sarajlic
    This work covers most frequently used forensic odontology methods explained through case examples. These cases are presented to show to what extent the body undergoes changes, challenges forensic medicine and odontology are faced with and importance of teeth since they survive post mortem events. Conventional and novel methods of identification are presented following each case. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is a need to educate more forensic dentists and include them in mass grave exhumation teams and juidical system as well.
  • A new ray of hope in Dentistry: Stem Cells
    A new ray of hope in Dentistry: Stem Cells
    Stem cells are unspecialized cells that can self-renew indefinitely and that can also differentiate into more mature cells with specialized functions. Because of this regenerative capacity, stem cells have the potential to regenerate tissues, and are the basis for the new field of regenerative medicine. Regenerative dentistry is a new dental field comprising biomedical, translational and clinical research on the use of stem cells for regeneration of defective tissues in the oro-maxillofacial region. Researchers have in hand populations of stem cells that reproducibly reform bone and its marrow, cementum, dentin, and perhaps even periodontal ligament, it is possible to obtain complete restoration of the hard tissues in the oral cavity using the patient's own cells, thereby avoiding issues of histocompatibility. Replacing dental tissues with either stem cell or gene based therapy may be complicated or impossible some times, thus highlighting the need for more research to understand...
  • Preeti Choudhary,Vineeta Nikhil and Padmanabh Jha. A Novel Advancement - Lasers in Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
    A Novel Advancement - Lasers in Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
    Preeti Choudhary,Vineeta Nikhil and Padmanabh Jha
    LASERS have a crucial significance in dental field to overcome some of the disadvantages offered by that of the conventional armamentarium such as drilling sound, anxiety, fear related to conventional handpiece etc. Lasers can be used on both soft and hard tissues and over the time it has proved amenable results. Therefore, modern concepts based on minimal invasive dentistry led to application of Lasers in various fields of dental care. Despite of its Pros and Cons, its advantages makes Laser a ray of hope for the dentistry. This book encompasses the application of Lasers in different aspects of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics. The text book has simple and easy language and its contents has been taken from various standard journals, textbooks, e-books, website etc.
  • Mohd Toseef Khan,Sanjeev Kumar Verma and Sandhya Maheshwari. A Prospective Computed Tomographic Study
    A Prospective Computed Tomographic Study
    Mohd Toseef Khan,Sanjeev Kumar Verma and Sandhya Maheshwari
    Relationship between dental malocclusion and TMD has been discussed in dentistry for over half a century. Orthodontists have been on receiving end of critics as they were blamed for changing the existing occlusal environment, affecting the TMJ. In light of present research orthodontist can take solace in the fact that these and other dental misfortunes donot necessarily find their etiology in Orthodontic treatment. The orthodontists concern with the TMJ is generally at a time of life when the patient is still young and ordinarily not subject to disease processes which may later affect it and other joints as well. With the increased interest in clinical significance of condyle fossa relationship of TMJ, the relationship between condylar ,morphology and various malocclusions has been examined. Previous investigations of condylar shape have demonstrated correlations between osseous changes and Angle Class of Malocclusions and facial morphology. class II malocclusion being major load of...

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